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Health Evidence Network Synthesis Report 58

Documentos de consenso   |   30 de mayo de 2018 Date   |  

Título: What national and subnational interventions and policies based on Mediterranean and Nordic diets are recommended or implemented in the WHO European Region, and is there evidence of effectiveness in reducing noncommunicable diseases?

Autores: Jessica Renzella, Nick Townsend, Jo Jewell, Joao Breda, Nia Roberts, Mike Rayner, Kremlin Wickramansinghe

Año de publicación: 2018

© World Health Organization 2018

ISBN: 978 92 890 5301 3

Contenidos:

Abbreviations........................................................................................................................ iv
Contributors........................................................................................................................... v
Summary.............................................................................................................................. viii
1. Introduction......................................................................................................................... 1
1.1. Background......................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2. Methodology...................................................................................................................................12
2. Results................................................................................................................................19
2.1. What interventions and policies based on the MD and ND are
recommended or implemented in the WHO European Region?.....................20
2.2. Is there evidence of effectiveness in reducing NCDs?.............................................. 25
2.3. Do current MD- or ND-based policies and programmes influence
national NCD outcomes?....................................................................................................... 27
3. Discussion..........................................................................................................................29
3.1. Strengths and limitations of this review.........................................................................29
3.2. Diet policy and evidence translation.................................................................................29
3.3. Monitoring and evaluation.....................................................................................................31
3.4. Frameworks to support MD- and ND-based policies, programmes
and interventions......................................................................................................................... 32
3.5. Policy implications and options..........................................................................................33
4. Conclusions.......................................................................................................................37
References............................................................................................................................ 38
Annex 1. Search strategy.................................................................................................... 48
Annex 2. Resources to guide the implementation of report recommendations...... 55
Annex 3. Glossary................................................................................................................58

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